Through providing opportunities for students to apply critical and divergent thinking skills to analyze a variety of different texts and engage with both concrete and abstract concepts, the English department helps students develop the ability communicate clearly in a variety of different contexts and for various audiences, take risks in the curation and creation of language to reveal new facets of their world and selves, and seek authentic engagement with texts, ideas, and people. By developing an appreciation for literature and language, and respect for the influence our manner of communication has, students can articulate the importance of individuals’ stories to their greater purpose and identity, build up those around them, as well as apply the skills they develop into deepening their personal walk with God.

Graduation Requirements Statement

To graduate, students must take one full-year English Language Arts 10 Course, one English Language Arts 11 Course and English Studies 12.

Humanities 9 (English 9 and Social Studies 9)

Humanities 9 is a double block to allow for interdisciplinary learning between Social Studies 9 and English 9.  The curriculum is integrated to better allow students to make connections between the world they are in and themselves.  They will be challenged to think critically, as they engage with a variety of texts and stories to experience collaborative learning and how to exchange ideas in meaningful ways. Students will work towards increasingly sophisticated methods of communication in order to effectively articulate ideas to achieve our purpose as writers.  Students learn how historical forces – have had an impact on the world. In particular, they will study the Industrial Revolution, the French Revolution, and modern-day revolutionary movements.  In addition, we will study the formation of Canada as a nation, the development of democracy, and persisting societal inequalities. Students will explore themes of immigration, First Nations history and culture, geography, and politics.

English First Peoples Literary Studies and Writing 10

Prerequisite:  English 9 (Part of Humanities 9)

Graduation Requirement: English Language Arts 10 and Indigenous-Focused Course Work

The English First Peoples Literary Studies 10 course component aims to open students’ eyes to the richness of First Peoples literature with its cultural and historical roots. Students will be expected to make connections between stories and their own lives, expressing their ideas and supporting them with evidence from the appropriate texts. As this course forms the foundation of the senior level English program, students will be expected to read and engage with a variety of texts in both non-fiction and fiction, participating in rich discussions, working on writing argumentative/persuasive essays and completing an inquiry project to demonstrate their understanding. The deep hope for this course is to inspire students of the importance of multiple perspectives in history and literature and to use their understanding to treat others with Christlike compassion.

The English First Peoples Writing 10 course component is designed to develop students’ ability to appreciate the written form of language as well as the art of public expression through a First Peoples’ lens. Students will be trained to apply standard conventions of the English language in their writing through analyzing, writing, and presenting poetry and oral stories. As this course forms the foundation of the senior level English program, students will be expected to express and articulate their opinions and experiences in an increasingly sophisticated manner, customized to their audience. The hope for this course is for students to use their God-given talents, experiences, and voices to effectively communicate and listen with grace, curiosity, and deeper empathy.

Additional Information: EFP Literary Studies and Writing 10 fulfills the 4 credits to fulfill the Indigenous-Focused Graduation Requirement.

English 10/11 Accelerated

Prerequisite: English 9 (Extending), Endorsement from Humanities 9 teacher

Graduation Requirement: English Language Arts 10 and English Language Arts 11

Description: English 10/11 Accelerated is intended for students who are gifted in communication, critical and divergent thinking, and literary analysis and explication, providing a greater depth and breadth of exposure to literature, philosophy, and rhetoric.  It combines texts from both the Literary Studies 10, Composition 10 and Literary Study 11 curricula, demanding more in terms of quality and quantity in both reading and writing, but preparing students well for more advanced coursework in language arts.


  • Students should be highly proficient in formal essay writing and writing conventions.
  • Students should be extending in their critical and divergent thinking skills.
  • Students should be extending in their reading comprehension skills.

Additional Information: Accelerated does not fulfill the 4 credits of the Indigenous-Focused Graduation Requirement.  Students will be required to take Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12 in Grade 11 or 12.

English Studies 12

Prerequisites: English 11 and Grade 11 standing

Description: English Studies 12 explores the breadth and depth of how the English language is used to communicate ideas.  Students will engage with a variety of texts representative of the development of the Canadian literary perspective, including First Peoples texts and the Bible.  Emphasis will be placed on cultivating the skills essential for university studies and professional success, such as reading comprehension, literary analysis and interpretation, as well as expository and creative expression. The overarching aim of this course is to inspire students to continuously strive to be the light of this world as they grapple with the challenging issues of our shared existence.

Composition 11

Prerequisite: A Full-Year English Language Arts 10 Course

Graduation Requirement: English Language Arts 11

Description: Composition 11 allows students to explore the craft of writing, equipping them to make intentional writing choices for various purposes, audiences, and contexts.  Through discussion and instruction on the writing process, revision, rhetoric, dialogue, and textual analysis, students will be given the opportunity to respond both personally and academically in ways that are respectful of the truth, themselves, and others.  While intended to prepare students for formal academic essay writing, the scope of Composition 11 also allows students flexibility in their responses to literature, non-fiction, personal writing, and media.  Ultimately, the goal of composition is to teach students how to use God’s gift of language for “building others up according to their needs” and “speak[ing] the truth in love” (Ephesians).

AP® English Language and Composition

Prerequisite: A Language Arts 11 Course (min 86%) at RCS and endorsement of English 11 Teacher.

Graduation Requirement: English Studies 12 (See Additional Information)

Description: Advanced Placement English Language and Composition is designed to give students opportunities to pursue advanced studies in argument, academic discourse, rhetoric, reading, synthesis, and composition – these skills not only help ensure future academic success in post-secondary studies, but allow students to become critical consumers of literature, media, and discourse, contributing in an articulate and intelligent way their own thoughts and ideas through application of creativity, and both critical and divergent thinking. Students will be prepared to write research essays of various types, and three specific pieces (those included on the AP exam) – synthesis essays, rhetorical analyses, and argumentative essays – requiring application of a rhetorical mindset when both reading and writing, and a scholarly approach to research and reading, trading predatory reading and confirmation bias for objectivity and the pursuit of truth.  To develop the skills necessary for university level English writing, students will read extensively non-fiction (including visual texts, contemporary essays, speeches, letters) and literature centered around a variety of themes and issues worthy of significant dialogue – preparation and participation in class discussions and activities and intended to model and help develop skills in preparation for the AP Exam, and course assignments.


  • Students should be highly proficient in formal essay writing and writing conventions.
  • Students should be extending in their critical and divergent thinking skills.
  • Students should be extending in their reading comprehension skills.

Additional Information:

  • Students in the course will get credit for both English Studies 12 and AP English Language and Composition.
  • While the AP exam is in May, the course continues until the end of the RCS school year.
  • There is an optional AP exam (fees apply).